Search related topics in Linux

Category: /knowledge /linux
Tags: linux

find

find and zip files

To zip log files older than 5 days

find ${LOG_DIR} -mtime +4 -exec gzip {} + 2>/dev/null

find and delete files (to delete folders, remove -type f)

find ${LOG_DIR} -mtime +30 -delete -type f

To exclude some folders, do this:

find . -name '.svn' -prune -o -print | grep message
or 
find -not -iwholename '*.svn' -name 'messages.*' -exec grep -Iw uint {} + \;
or
find . -not -iwholename '*.svn*'
or 
find . -path '*/.svn*' -prune -o -print
or 
find . -name .svn -a -type d -prune -o -print

Or, install a Perl module ack-grep, not ack

sudo aptitude install ack-grep

grep

search patterns in certain extension

Under Linux, the format is more flexible, e.g.

grep your_pattern -r --include="*.py"

Mac OS is more restricted:

  1. quote is required in some shells e.g. zsh.
  2. ‘-e’ and ‘.’ are required

    grep -e your_pattern -r . –include=”*.py”

使用grep恢复被删文件内容

sudo rm -rf /* 大概是最令人兴奋的Linux命令了. 有一回我的一个同事升级新机器, 旧的不要了, 我就建议在旧机器运行一下这个命令. 有三个同事都跑来看是什么结果. 呵呵.

的确rm实在是招好多用户不待见, 因为恢复文件实在太难. 如果实在有什么重要文件要恢复的话. 可以试一下用grep对物理硬盘进行搜索.

grep -a -B 50 -A 60 'some string in the file' /dev/sda1 > results.txt

-e PATTERN, –regexp=PATTERN, use PATTERN as the pattern. This can be used to specify multiple search patterns

-v, –invert-match, invert the sense of matching, to select non-match lines

-m NUM, –max-count=NUM, stop reading a file after NUM matching lines

-A NUM, –after-context=NUM, print NUM lines of trailing context after matching lines

-o, match words only

Match multiple strings

This command greps four operations and prints out parameters

op="create\|retrieve\|select\|add"
grep "$op" *webService.log | awk '{print $1, $2, $3, $6}'

cut

split only once to get the left/right value

Q: S3 bucket/key format is ‘bucket_name/path/to/fn’, we need to remove the bucket name and retrieve the key value. A: require no leading ‘/’ in the string, in shell,

value=bucket_name/path/to/fn
key=`echo $value | cut -d'/' -f 2-`
echo $key
$ expect $key to be 'path/to/fn'

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