NFS, samba and sshfs

Category: /knowledge /linux
Tags: linux

到目前为止, NFS还是传输最快的协议. 奇怪的是Ubuntu的network工具里没有这个选项, 和samba太亲了吧. 也难怪, 必竟Windows用户太多了.

[TOC]

NFS

NFS server

为了其它机器能读取这里的文件

1. sudo aptitude install nfs-kernel-server nfs-common portmap
2. edit /etc/exports
    /home/media 192.168.1.0/24(rw,no_root_squash,async)
3. sudo /etc/init.d/nfs-kernel-server restart

NFS client

sudo apt-get install portmap nfs-common

manually mount

sudo mount server.mydomain.com:/home/media /home/nas 

auto mount at boot, /etc/fstab was like this:

* server.mydomain.com:/home/media /home/nas nfs rsize=8192,wsize=8192,timeo=14,intr

sshfs, fuse

$ apt-get install sshfs 
$ mkdir ~/remote_machine-opt
$ chown user_name:user_name /home/user_name/remote_machine-opt
$ adduser user_name fuse
$sshfs remote_machine:/home/user_name/opt /home/user_name/remote_machine-opt

To unmount the directory once your work is done, use the command:
$fusermount -u /home/user_name/remote_machine-opt

SAMBA

export USERNAME=your_id_name
sudo useradd $USERNAME
sudo smbpasswd -a $USERNAME
sudo vi /etc/samba/smb.conf

sample smb.conf setup:

[media]
path = /home/media
available = yes
valid users = $smb_user
force group = dev
read only = no
browsable = yes
public = yes
writable = yes
create mode = 0664
directory mode = 0775

今天刚好碰到中文目录,显示?号,于是加上iocharset=utf8参数就可以了,挂接的方法如下:记录在此,以备后用。

直接用mount命令 mount -t smbfs -o iocharset=utf8,username=Windows共享用户名,password=密码 -l //IP地址/共享文件夹名 Linux中的挂接点

或者通过smbmount来挂接 apt-get install smbfs

smbmount //IP地址/共享文件夹名 /Linux中的挂接点 -o iocharset=utf8,username=用户名,password=密码

e.g.  sudo smbmount //192.168.1.7/download /tmp/s -o user=$USER

Common

  • How do you mount vfat/ntfs/samba filesystems that contain 8-bit encoded characters?

    Options for mount command are following:

      Filesystem type	Option to enable utf-8 support
      ntfs	nls=utf8
      vfat	utf8
      smbfs	iocharset=utf8,codepage=unicode,unicode
    

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