Arch Linux

Category: /knowledge /linux
Tags: linux

Before Installation

If UNetBootin can not do the job, try this basic command:

dd if=archlinux2010.iso of=/dev/sdb bs=4M
  • archlinux2010.iso 是你下载的文件
  • 假定/dev/sdb是你的USB drive. 注意可别弄错了
  • dd时不要mount /dev/sdb

Post Installation

  • edit /etc/pacman.d/mirror.list, choose the repositories close to you, put the default one at the last line
  • pacman -Syu to update database
  • add a user to a group: gpasswd -a your_username audio

pacman

  • search: pacman -Ss string1 string2
  • install: pacman -S string
  • remove old version: pacman -Sc
  • keep a major version, edit /etc/pacman.conf. This will upgrade 9.0.3 to 9.0.4, but won’t do 9.0.x to 9.1.x

     IgnorePkg = postgresql nginx
    
  • install packages from AUR
    1. get tar.gz source file, make sure there is PKGBUILD in the folder
    2. makepkg
    3. pacman -U your_compiled_package.tar.gz

Setup

Xorg —-

pacman -S xorg-server xorg-xinit xorg-utils xorg-server-utils \
    openbox obmenu obconf pypanel wqy-bitmapfont

Nvidia

pacman -S nvidia nvidia-utils nvidia-settings pkg-config

run

nvidia-xconfig

#For multiple monitors on a single card
nvidia-xconfig --twinview

under section Device:
Option "NoLogo" "1"

under section Monitor: 
Option "DPMS" "1"

Under 64 bit systems, installing lib32-nvidia-utils that corresponds to the same version installed for the 64 bit driver fixes the issue.

openbox

Start from a shell:

xinit /usr/bin/openbox-session

Automatic login to console

Use mingetty

Start X at boot

~/.bash_profile

if [[ ! $DISPLAY && $(tty) = /dev/tty1 ]]; then
  exec startx
  # Could use xinit instead of startx
  #exec xinit -- /usr/bin/X -nolisten tcp vt7
fi

Wireless

Arch wiki

lspci | grep -i net
Mine is Broadcom4312 0x14e4 0x4315
lspci -n | grep 14e4
  • compile Broadcom-wl for 4312

     pacman -S kernel26-headers
     get source code
     makepkg
     pacman -U the_compiled_pkg.tar.gz
    
  • test the module

     modprobe wl
     #if it works, add it to /etc/rc.conf MODULES=(... wl ...)
     # use iwconfig to find the wireless card wlan0 or eth1
     iwconfig
     ip link set eth1 up
     iwlist eth1 scan
     iwconfig eth1 essid "MyNet"
     dhcpcd eth1
     # use ifconfig to verify IP address
    
  • Automatic way

     pacman -S dhclient wicd wicd-gtk|wicd-kde
    
  • run wicd-client Wicd wiki

Key bindings

pacman -S xbindkeys

in .xinitrc
xbindkeys &

run xbindkeys -k to show to a window to show a map, then add the following lines to .xbindkeysrc

# Increase volume
"amixer set Master playback 1+"
    m:0x0 + c:123
    XF86AudioRaiseVolume

# Decrease volume
"amixer set Master playback 1-"
    m:0x0 + c:122
    XF86AudioLowerVolume

# Toggle mute
"amixer set Master toggle"
    m:0x0 + c:121
    XF86AudioMute 

ibus

Follow Arch wiki ibus. For wnwb, follow 万能五笔和极点五笔.

webcam

Follow Arch wiki webcam.

Mplayer:

mplayer tv:// -tv driver=v4l2:width=640:height=480:device=/dev/video0 \
    -fps 15 -vf screenshot

USB mouse

我的机器上外接USB 鼠标在电池状态下不工作, 解决如下:

lsusb #找到mouse的USBID, 0461:4d15
sudo vi /etc/laptop-mode/conf.d/usb-autosusp
AUTOSUSPEND_USBID_BLACKLIST="0461:4d15"

评论

提示

  • 如果看不到评论部分, 请暂时关掉adblock in Firefox/Chrome
  • 本网站使用Javascript实现评论功能, 此处外链对提高您的网站PR没有帮助. (潜台词: 请不要灌水, 谢谢)